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java에서는...요롷고롬 안될 수도 있다...쿨럭;;;
짐 하고 있는 플젝에서 적용중인 버젼이...ibatis-2.3.0.677.jar 요건디...
그대로 안되더라는...^^;;;

java에서는...걍 참고만 해야할 듯...ㅎㅎ;;;
java는 아래 pdf들을 참고...ㅋ
http://ibatis.apache.org/docs/java/pdf/

http://ibatis.apache.org/docs/java/dev/
http://ibatis.apache.org/docs/java/user/


.NET : http://ibatis.apache.org/docs/dotnet/datamapper/ch03s09.html

3.9. Dynamic SQL

A very common problem with working directly with ADO is dynamic SQL. It is normally very difficult to work with SQL statements that change not only the values of parameters, but which parameters and columns are included at all. The typical solution is usually a mess of conditional if-else statements and horrid string concatenations. The desired result is often a query by example, where a query can be built to find objects that are similar to the example object. The iBATIS DataMapper API provides a relatively elegant solution that can be applied to any mapped statement element. Here is a simple example:

Example 3.56. A simple dynamic select sttatement, with two possible outcomes

<select id="dynamicGetAccountList" cacheModel="account-cache" parameterClass="Account" resultMap="account-result" >
  select * from ACCOUNT
    <isGreaterThan prepend="and" property="Id" compareValue="0">
       where ACC_ID = #Id#
    </isGreaterThan>
  order by ACC_LAST_NAME
</select>

In the above example, there are two possible statements that could be created depending on the state of the Id property of the parameter object. If the Id parameter is greater than 0, then the statement will be created as follows:

select * from ACCOUNT where ACC_ID = ?

Or if the Id parameter is 0 or less, the statement will look as follows.

select * from ACCOUNT

The immediate usefulness of this might not become apparent until a more complex situation is encountered. For example, the following is a somewhat more complex example.

Example 3.57. A complex dynamic select statement, with 16 possible outcomes

<select id="dynamicGetAccountList" parameterClass="Account" resultMap="account-result" >
  select * from ACCOUNT
    <dynamic prepend="WHERE">
      <isNotNull prepend="AND" property="FirstName">
        ( ACC_FIRST_NAME = #FirstName#
        <isNotNull prepend="OR" property="LastName">
          ACC_LAST_NAME = #LastName#
        </isNotNull>
        )
      </isNotNull>
      <isNotNull prepend="AND" property="EmailAddress">
        ACC_EMAIL like #EmailAddress#
      </isNotNull>
      <isGreaterThan prepend="AND" property="Id" compareValue="0">
        ACC_ID = #Id#
      </isGreaterThan>
    </dynamic>
  order by ACC_LAST_NAME
</select>

Depending on the situation, there could be as many as 16 different SQL queries generated from the above dynamic statement. To code the if-else structures and string concatenations could get quite messy and require hundreds of lines of code.

Using dynamic statements is as simple as inserting some conditional tags around the dynamic parts of your SQL. For example:

Example 3.58. Creating a dynamic statement with conditional tags

<statement id="someName" parameterClass="Account" resultMap="account-result" >
  select * from ACCOUNT
  <dynamic prepend="where">
    <isGreaterThan prepend="and" property="id" compareValue="0">
      ACC_ID = #id#
    </isGreaterThan>
    <isNotNull prepend="and" property="lastName">
      ACC_LAST_NAME = #lastName#
    </isNotNull>
  </dynamic>
order by ACC_LAST_NAME
</statement>

In the above statement, the <dynamic> element demarcates a section of the SQL that is dynamic. The dynamic element is optional and provides a way to manage a prepend in cases where the prepend ("WHERE") should not be included unless the contained conditions append to the statement. The statement section can contain any number of conditional elements (see below) that will determine whether the contained SQL code will be included in the statement. All of the conditional elements work based on the state of the parameter object passed into the query. Both the dynamic element and the conditional elements have a "prepend" attribute. The prepend attribute is a part of the code that is free to be overridden by the a parent element's prepend if necessary. In the above example the "where" prepend will override the first true conditional prepend. This is necessary to ensure that the SQL statement is built properly. For example, in the case of the first true condition, there is no need for the AND, and in fact it would break the statement. The following sections describe the various kinds of elements, including Binary Conditionals, Unary Conditionals, and Iterate.

3.9.1. Binary Conditional Elements

Binary conditional elements compare a property value to a static value or another property value. If the result is true, the body content is included in the SQL query.

3.9.1.1. Binary Conditional Attributes:

prepend – the overridable SQL part that will be prepended to the statement (optional)
property – the property to be compared (required)
compareProperty – the other property to be compared (required or compareValue)
compareValue – the value to be compared (required or compareProperty)

Table 3.7. Binary conditional attributes

Element Description
<isEqual> Checks the equality of a property and a value, or another property. Example Usage:
<isEqual prepend="AND" 
             property="status" 
             compareValue="Y">
MARRIED = ‘TRUE'
</isEqual>               
<isNotEqual> Checks the inequality of a property and a value, or another property. Example Usage:
<isNotEqual prepend="AND" 
             property="status" 
             compareValue="N">
MARRIED = ‘FALSE'
</isNotEqual>   
<isGreaterThan> Checks if a property is greater than a value or another property. Example Usage:
<isGreaterThan prepend="AND" 
             property="age" 
             compareValue="18">
ADOLESCENT = ‘FALSE'
</isGreaterThan>   
<isGreaterEqual> Checks if a property is greater than or equal to a value or another property. Example Usage:
<isGreaterEqual prepend="AND" 
             property="shoeSize" 
             compareValue="12">
BIGFOOT = ‘TRUE'
</isGreaterEqual>
<isLessEqual> Checks if a property is less than or equal to a value or another property. Example Usage:
<isLessEqual prepend="AND" 
             property="age" 
             compareValue="18">
ADOLESCENT = ‘TRUE'
</isLessEqual>

3.9.2. Unary Conditional Elements

Unary conditional elements check the state of a property for a specific condition.

3.9.2.1. Unary Conditional Attributes:

prepend – the overridable SQL part that will be prepended to the statement (optional)
property – the property to be checked (required)

Table 3.8. Unary conditional attributes

Element Description
<isPropertyAvailable> Checks if a property is available (i.e is a property of the parameter object). Example Usage:
<isPropertyAvailable property="id" >
  ACCOUNT_ID=#id# 
</isPropertyAvailable>
<isNotPropertyAvailable> Checks if a property is unavailable (i.e not a property of the parameter object). Example Usage:
<isNotPropertyAvailable property="age" >
  STATUS='New' 
</isNotEmpty>
<isNull> Checks if a property is null. Example Usage:
<isNull prepend="AND" property="order.id" >
  ACCOUNT.ACCOUNT_ID = ORDER.ACCOUNT_ID(+) 
</isNotEmpty>
<isNotNull> Checks if a property is not null. Example Usage:
<isNotNull prepend="AND" property="order.id" >
  ORDER.ORDER_ID = #order.id#
</isNotEmpty>
<isEmpty> Checks to see if the value of a Collection, String property is null or empty ("" or size() < 1). Example Usage:
<isEmpty property="firstName" >
  LIMIT 0, 20
</isNotEmpty>
<isNotEmpty> Checks to see if the value of a Collection, String property is not null and not empty ("" or size() < 1). Example Usage:
<isNotEmpty prepend="AND" property="firstName" >
  FIRST_NAME LIKE '%$FirstName$%'
</isNotEmpty>

3.9.3. Parameter Present Elements

These elements check for parameter object existence.

3.9.3.1. Parameter Present Attributes:

prepend – the overridable SQL part that will be prepended to the statement (optional)

Table 3.9. Testing to see if a parameter is present

Element Description
<isParameterPresent> Checks to see if the parameter object is present (not null).
<isParameterPresent prepend="AND">
  EMPLOYEE_TYPE = #empType#
</isParameterPresent>
<isNotParameterPresent> Checks to see if the parameter object is not present (null). Example Usage:
<isNotParameterPresent prepend="AND">
  EMPLOYEE_TYPE = ‘DEFAULT'
</isNotParameterPresent>


3.9.4. Iterate Element

This tag will iterate over a collection and repeat the body content for each item in a List

3.9.4.1. Iterate Attributes:

prepend – the overridable SQL part that will be prepended to the statement (optional)
property – a property of type IList that is to be iterated over (required)
open – the string with which to open the entire block of iterations, useful for brackets (optional)
close – the string with which to close the entire block of iterations, useful for brackets (optional)
conjunction – the string to be applied in between each iteration, useful for AND and OR (optional)

Table 3.10. Creating a list of conditional clauses

Element Description
<iterate> Iterates over a property that is of type IList Example Usage:
<iterate prepend="AND" property="UserNameList"
  open="(" close=")" conjunction="OR">
  username=#UserNameList[]#
</iterate>
Note: It is very important to include the square brackets[] at the end of the List property name when using the Iterate element. These brackets distinguish this object as an List to keep the parser from simply outputting the List as a string.


3.9.5. Simple Dynamic SQL Elements

Despite the power of the full Dynamic Mapped Statement API discussed above, sometimes you just need a simple, small piece of your SQL to be dynamic. For this, SQL statements and statements can contain simple dynamic SQL elements to help implement dynamic order by clauses, dynamic select columns or pretty much any part of the SQL statement. The concept works much like inline parameter maps, but uses a slightly different syntax. Consider the following example:

Example 3.59. A dynamic element that changes the collating order

<statement id="getProduct" resultMap="get-product-result">
  select * from PRODUCT order by $preferredOrder$
</statement>

In the above example the preferredOrder dynamic element will be replaced by the value of the preferredOrder property of the parameter object (just like a parameter map). The difference is that this is a fundamental change to the SQL statement itself, which is much more serious than simply setting a parameter value. A mistake made in a Dynamic SQL Element can introduce security, performance and stability risks. Take care to do a lot of redundant checks to ensure that the simple dynamic SQL elements are being used appropriately. Also, be mindful of your design, as there is potential for database specifics to encroach on your business object model. For example, you may not want a column name intended for an order by clause to end up as a property in your business object, or as a field value on your server page.

Simple dynamic elements can be included within <statements> and come in handy when there is a need to modify the SQL statement itself. For example:

Example 3.60. A dynamic element that changes the comparison operator

<statement id="getProduct" resultMap="get-product-result">
  SELECT * FROM PRODUCT
  <dynamic prepend="WHERE">
    <isNotEmpty property="Description">
       PRD_DESCRIPTION $operator$ #Description#
    </isNotEmpty>
  </dynamic>
</statement>

In the above example the operator property of the parameter object will be used to replace the $operator$ token. So if the operator property was equal to LIKE and the description property was equal to %dog%, then the SQL statement generated would be:

  SELECT * FROM PRODUCT WHERE PRD_DESCRIPTION LIKE ‘%dog%'


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